Civil War era map showing Pigeon Top Mountain in Albemarle County, Virginia, from the Library of Congress collection. Revolutionary War soldier William VIA and his wife, Mary (Craig) VIA are buried here at their homestead in graves marked only with fieldstones.
While the British 17th Light Dragoons were retreating on the Green River Road, at the Battle of Cowpens in South Carolina, 1781, the pursuing American horsemen led by Lieutenant Colonel William Washington who became engaged in a sword fight. Colonel Washington's sword broke and his life was saved by his young servant who arrived just in time to shot the attacking British officer.
"The Congress of the United States has caused this monument to be erected on the site of the Battle of Cowpens."
Cowpens National Battlefield commemorates a decisive battle that helped turn the tide of war in the Southern Campaign of the American Revolution. On this field on January 17, 1781, Daniel Morgan led his army of tough Continentals, militia, and cavalry to a brilliant victory over Banastre Tarleton's force of British regulars. The battle at the "Cow Pens," one of only a few successful double envelopments in history, is recognized by historians as one of the most important of the American Revolution. (National Park Service, Cowpens)
The Battle of Guilford Courthouse was fought at the small North Carolina backcounty hamlet on Thursday, March 15, 1781. American Major General Nathanael Greene was defending the ground at Guilford Courthouse with an army of almost 4,500 American militia and Continentals. He was defeated by a much smaller British army of about 1,900 veteran regulars and German allies commanded by Lord Charles Cornwallis. After 2 1/2 hours of intense and often brutal fighting, Cornwallis forced his opponent to withdraw from the field. Greene's retreat preserved the strength of his army, but Cornwallis's frail victory was won at the cost of over 25% of his army. Guilford Courthouse proved to be the highwater mark of British military operations in the Revolutionary War. Weakened in his campaign against Greene, Cornwallis abandoned the Carolinas hoping for success in Virginia. At Yorktown, seven months after his victory at Guilford Courthouse, Lord Cornwallis would surrender to the combined American and French forces under General George Washington.
Guilford Courthouse, North Carolina.
“The Revolutionary Oak
This tree stood in the center of New Garden Burying Ground. Here the first skirmish of the Battle of Guildford Court House occurred 3D. Month 1781.
“Nearby are the cornerstones of the original Friends’ Meeting House, used as a hospital during the battle. The men who died were laid to rest under this oak.
“This tablet placed by Rachel Caldwell Chapter, N.S.D.A.R.”