Old Cemetery, Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Mary Hays McCauly was an artillery wife who shared the hardships of Valley Forge with her husband, William Hays. It was during the blazing heat at the Battle of Monmouth, June 28, 1778, that she became known as the legendary Molly Pitcher, as she carried water to cool the hot guns and bathe the parched soldier throats. When her husband fell wounded while manning the canon, without hesitation, Molly stepped forward and took his place.
Molly Pitcher was a name given to women during wartime who carried water during battle. The woman or women who were Molly Pitchers at the Battle of Monmouth Battle served the Revolution well. However they were not the only Molly Pitchers of the American Revolution. Molly Pitchers participated in all the American wars before the American Revolution.