Mary Ludwig Hayes McCauley is buried at Old Cemetery, Carlisle, Pennsylvania. She was the most famous “Molly Pitcher” of the American Revolution, a nickname for women who carried water to the troops during the war.
Mary was with her husband, a soldier in the American army, and gained her fame as “the” Molly Pitcher at the Battle of Monmouth in June of 1778. A contemporary witness described the scene of husband-wife team, William and Mary:
“A woman whose husband belonged to the artillery and who was then attached to a piece in the engagement, attended with her husband at the piece the whole time. While in the act of reaching a cartridge and having one of her feet as far before the other as she could stemp, a cannon shot from the enemey passed directly between her legs without doing any other damage than carrying away all the lower part of her petticoat. Looking at it with apparent unconcern, she observed that it was lucky it did not pass a little higher, for in that case it might have carried away something else, and continued her occupation.”
Mary died about 1832, and one hundred years later a marker memorializing her Revolutionary War service was placed on her presumed grave. More information on this famous Molly Pitcher may be found at http://www.usfaa.com/awards/mollypitcher/ .